Proposals addressing those topics were among more than 150 measures appearing on statewide ballots. California led the pack with 17 ballot questions, including one that would require actors in porn movies to wear condoms during filming of sexual intercourse. Another would ban single-use plastic grocery bags.
California was among five states – along with Arizona, Maine, Massachusetts and Nevada – voting on whether to legalize the recreational use of marijuana. Three others – Florida, Arkansas and North Dakota – decided whether to permit marijuana for medical purposes. Montanans voted on whether to ease restrictions on an existing medical marijuana law.
Collectively, it was the closest the U.S. has ever come to a national referendum on marijuana.
If ‘yes’ votes prevail across the board, more than 23 per cent of the U.S. population will live in states where recreational pot is legal. The jurisdictions where that’s already the case – Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington state and the District of Columbia – have less than 6 per cent of the population.
Another hot-button issue – gun control – was on the ballot in four states, including California, which already has some of the nation’s toughest gun-related laws.
Proposition 63 would outlaw possession of large-capacity ammunition magazines, require permits to buy ammunition and extend California’s unique program that allows authorities to seize firearms from owners who bought guns legally but are no longer allowed to own them.
In Maine and Nevada, a group founded by former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg spent millions promoting ballot measures that would require background checks on nearly all gun sales and transfers.
Supporters say the changes would close gaps in the federal system that allow felons, domestic abusers and the mentally ill to buy firearms from private sellers at gun shows and online without a background check.
Washington state had a ballot measure that would allow judges to issue orders temporarily seizing guns from individuals who are deemed a threat.
California was one of three states voting on capital punishment, with two competing measures on its ballot. One would repeal the death penalty, which California has rarely used in recent decades. The other would speed up appeals so convicted murderers are actually executed.
In Nebraska, voters were deciding whether to reinstate the death penalty, which the Legislature repealed last year. Oklahoma residents voted on whether to make it harder to abolish capital punishment.
Among the other topics addressed by ballot measures:
MINIMUM WAGE: Arizona, Colorado and Maine were considering phased-in minimum hourly wages by 2020. In Washington state, where the minimum wage is .47 an hour, voters weighed raising that to .50 an hour by 2020. The federal minimum wage is .25 an hour.
HEALTH CARE: Coloradans voted on a proposal to set up the nation’s first universal health care system. The measure would set up a billion-a-year health care system funded by payroll taxes, replacing the system of paying private health insurers for care and opting out of the federal health care law.
AID IN DYING: Another Colorado measure would allow physicians to assist a terminally ill person in dying. Physician-assisted death is currently legal in California, Oregon, Vermont and Washington. And Montana’s Supreme Court has ruled that doctors can use a patient’s request for life-ending medication as a defense against any criminal charges.
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